NAME OF COUNTRY:
conventional long form: Republic of Georgia
conventional short form: Georgia
local long form: Sak'art'velos Respublika
local short form: Sak'art'velo
Geography code (by fips 10-4): GG;
Country code (by ISO-3166): GE (2 char); GEO
(3 char); 268 (number);
Internet code: GE
Language code (by ISO-639): KA (K'art'uli, IBERIO-CAUCASIAN
Calling code: +995 (for Georgia); +995 (32) (for
AREA: 69,700 sq km (26,911 sq miles)
OPULATION: 5,400,800 (1998 est.)
POPULATION DENSITY: 77.0 per sq km.
CAPITAL: Tbilisi. Population: 1,225,000.
GEOGRAPHY: Georgia is a mountainous country. The
Northern geographical boundaries run along the Great Caucasian Range, which includes the
Main Caucasian Range, and its other chains stretch to the South. The Southern boundary
coincides with the mountainous system of the Minor Caucasus, including the Meskheti -
Trialeti volcanic plateau. Between the Great and Minor Caucasus plains are located. The
Western part of the country is washed by the Black Sea. (40o - 47o
E., 41o - 44o N).
LANGUAGE: The official language is Georgian, the
only language in the Ibera Caucasian family written in ancient script, with its own unique
alphabet. Russian, Ossetian and Abkhazian are also spoken.
RELIGION: Christian majority, mainly Georgian
Orthodox church. Also Eastern Orthodox, Muslim, Jewish and other Christian denomination
POPULATION: 5,400,800 (1998 est.)
POPULATION DENSITY: 77 per sq km.
ETHNIC DIVISIONS: Georgian 70.1%, Armenian 8.1%,
Russian 6.3%, Azeri 5.7%, Ossetian 3%, Abkhaz 1.8%, other 5%.
RELIGIONS: Christian Orthodox 75% (Georgian Orthodox
65%, Russian Orthodox 10%), Muslim 11%, Armenian Apostolic 8%, Others 6%.
NATIONALITY: noun: Georgian(s); adjective:
BIGGEST CITIES (Hab. Population):
Tbilisi - 1,225,000;
Kutaisi - 221,000;
Rustavi - 145,000;
Batumi - 115,000;
POPULATION BY RELIGIONS:
Christian Orthodox 75% (Georgian Orthodox 65%, Russian Orthodox 10%),
Armenian Apostolic 8%,