The Parliament of Georgia
The Parliament of Georgia is
the supreme representative body of the country which exercises
legislative power, determines the main directions of domestic and
foreign policy and exercises general control over the Cabinet of
Ministers and other function s within the framework determined by the
- The Parliament of Georgia
consists of one hundred and fifty deputies elected for a term of four
years by a proportional system and eighty five elected by a
majoritarian system for a period of four years on the basis of free,
universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.
- A citizen having attained
the age of twenty five and with the right to vote, may be elected as a
Member of Parliament.
- The internal structure of
Parliament and its activities are determined by the regulations of
- The right to run in
elections is granted to citizensí political organization registered
in accordance to law, whose initiative is supported by the signatures
of not less than 50 000 voters or which has a representative in the
Parliament at the time elections are called. The right to run in
elections through the majoritarian system is recognized if the
individual is supported by 1000 signatories or if the individual was
elected a Member of Parliament ins the previous elections.
- The mandates of Members of
Parliament shall be distributed only among those political parties and
electoral blocks which receive at least 5% of the votes of those who
participate in the elections held under the proportional system.
- Regular elections for
Parliament are held at least 15 days before the expiration of its
term. If the date for holding the elections falls during a state of
emergency or a martial law, elections are held in not more than sixty
days after the end of this situation. The President sets the date for
an election at least sixty days before such an election.
- The authority of the
previous Parliament ceases immediately after the first meeting of the
newly elected Parliament
- The procedure for the
election of a Member of Parliament and also his ineligibility to
participate in elections is determined by the Constitution and organic
The first sitting of the
newly elected Parliament shall be held within 20 days after the
elections. The day of the first sitting is determined by the
President. The Parliament will begin its work when the election of two
thirds of the Members of Parliament has been confirmed.
- A Member of Parliament of
Georgia is the representative of the whole of Georgia and exercises a
free mandate. His recall is impermissible.
- Bringing an action against
a Member of Parliament, his detention or arrest, or the search of his
person, place of residence, car or workplace is permissible only with
the consent of the Parliament, except in cases where he is caught in
the commission of a crime. In such a case Parliament must be notified
immediately. If Parliament does not agree to the Memberís detention,
he must be released immediately.
- A Member of Parliament has
the right not to give evidence on facts disclosed to him as a Member
of Parliament. No seizure of documents connected with this matter may
take place. A Member of Parliament retains this right after the
expiration of his term.
- A Member of Parliament is
not answerable for the ideas and opinions expressed in and out of
Parliament while performing his duties.
- The conditions allowing a
Member of Parliament to carry out his duties are guaranteed. State
bodies guarantee his personal security.
- Preventing a Member of
Parliament from carrying out his duties is punishable by law.
- A Member of Parliament may
not occupy any position in a state office or carry out entrepreneurial
activities. Cases of incompatibility are determined by law.
- In the event of a
violation of the preceding clause the individual will cease to be a
Member of Parliament.
- Members of Parliament
receive a salary as determined by law.
- Any question of the
recognition of the authority of a Member of Parliament, or the
pre-term expiration of his duties, is decided by the Parliament. This
decision may be appealed to the Constitutional Court.
- The pre-term expiration of
duties of a Member of Parliament is possible in the following cases:
- recognition of the
validity of charges by a court conviction;
- inability to work as recognized
by a court, loss without a trace or death;
- occupation of a position
or carrying out of activities incompatible with the status of a
- loss of citizenship of
- failure to participate in
the work of Parliament for period of four months without good cause.
- The Parliament of Georgia
for the term of its authority, in accordance to the rules determined
by its procedure, elects the Chairman and the Deputy Chairmen of the
Parliament, by secret ballot among them one from Abkhazian and one
from Adjarian Members of Parliament by their nomination.
- The Chairman leads the
work of the Parliament, guarantees the free expression of opinions,
signs acts adopted by Parliament and performs other duties envisaged
by its regulations.
- The Deputy Chairmen
perform the duties of the Chairman by the Chairmanís order, in case
of the Chairman's inability to exercise his authority or his
- The Chairman on behalf of
the Parliament performs the complete administrative functions in the
House of Parliament by the procedures envisaged by its regulations.
- Committees are created in
the Parliament for the term of its authority, for the purpose of
preliminary preparation of legislative issues, for fostering fulfillment
of decisions, for creating bodies responsible to it and for
supervision of government activities.
- In cases envisaged by the
Constitution and the rules of procedure, or by the request of not less
than one fourth of the deputies temporary committees are created in
the Parliament. Representation of the Parliamentary majority in such
committees shall not exceed one half of the total number of the
- Upon the request of the
investigative committee presence at sittings, and delivery of
necessary documents for an investigation on any particular issue is
- A bureau of Parliament is
created for the organization of Parliamentary work. It consists of the
Chairman, Deputy Chairmen, deputies of Parliamentary Committees and
- The bureau considers the
appointment of the officials whose appointment by Parliament is
required by the Constitution upon the advise of the appropriate
committees and in accordance with the rules of procedure. The decision
is submitted to the President and to Parliament. The Bureau also
makes decisions on issues relating to the organization of the work of
- Members of Parliament can
unite in Parliamentary factions. The number necessary to create a
faction must be not less than ten.
- The creation and
functioning of a faction, as well as its authority are determined by
the laws and rules of procedure.
- A Member of Parliament has
the right to question bodies subordinate to Parliament, members of the
government, mayors of cities, governors or executive bodies of
territorial units at every level and state institutions and to receive
answers from them .
- A faction and a
Parliamentary group of at least ten deputies have the right to
question any body subordinate to Parliament and particular members of
the government, who must answer these questions at the sittings of
Parliament. The answer may become the matter of consideration by the
- Sittings of Parliament and
its chambers are public. By a vote of the majority of those present
Parliament is authorized to declare a sitting or a part of it closed,
while considering a specific issue.
- Officials that are elected
or appointed and confirmed by Parliament are authorized and may be
required to attend sittings of the Parliament, its committees and
commissions. Such officials should be heard immediately.
- Voting is always open
except in cases envisaged by the Constitution and law.
- Proceedings of
Parliamentary sittings, except for secret matters, are published by
Parliament in its Record.
- The Parliament gathers of
its own accord for regular sessions twice a year. The Autumn session
opens on the first Tuesday of September and closes on the third Friday
of December. The spring session opens on the first Tuesday of February
and closes o n the last Friday of June.
- The President of Georgia
at the request of the Chairman, or not less than one fourth of the
deputies or on his own initiative may convene an extraordinary sitting
of Parliament in the period between regular sessions. If within 48
hours after such a written submission has been made Parliament has not
convened, Parliament is obliged to convene within a further 48 hours
according to its rules of procedure.
- Extraordinary sittings
must have a specific agenda and the sitting closes once the agenda has
- The declaration of war or
a state of emergency by the President causes the convening of
Parliament within 48 hours. Parliament sits until the end of the
Decisions of Parliament on
war and the cessation of hostilities, emergency situations and issues
determined by Article 46 of the Constitution are adopted by the
majority of the total number of the Parliament.
- To introduce a motion to
impeach the President of Georgia, a third of the Members of Parliament
must agree, in the circumstances envisaged by Article 75.2 of this
constitution. The case is submitted to the Supreme Court or the
Constitutional Court for judgment.
- If the Supreme Court
confirms by its judgment that the President has committed the crime
adduced or the Constitutional Court confirms the President's violation
of the Constitution, the Parliament by a simple majority can vote to
put to a vote the impeachment of the President.
- The President is
considered impeached and removed if not less than two thirds of all
the Parliament vote in favor of the motion to impeach.
- If the Parliament does not
vote within 30 days , the motion is considered dropped and
introduction of the same motion is impermissible for one year.
- Discussion of the charge
brought against the President and the passing of a motion to impeach
during war, state of emergency or martial law is not permitted in the
- The right to raise the
question of the impeachment of the Head of the Supreme Court, members
of government, the Prosecutor General, Chairman of the Chamber of
Control and Members of the Council of the National Bank in cases of
violation of the Constitution, high treason, or the commission of
capital crimes is vested in one third of the total number of
- By the procedure envisaged
in Article 63.2 Parliament is authorized to remove officials listed in
the first clause of this Article by the majority of the total members
of Parliament. The requirements of Article 63 clause 4 extend to such
cases as we ll.
- The Parliament of Georgia
ratifies treaties and international agreements, rejects or abrogates
them by the majority of the total number of Parliament.
- Treaties and international
agreements which require ratification by their terms, must be ratified
as well as any treaty and international agreements which:
- envisages entrance into an
international organization or into inter-state unity;
- is of a military
- concerns the territorial
integrity of the state or the changing of the state's borders;
- concerns borrowing or
lending by the state;
- requires a change in
international legislation or the adoption of necessary laws and acts
having the power of law for the fulfillment of changed obligations.
- The Parliament must be
immediately notified about the conclusion of treaties and other
- If a Constitutional
Complaint or Submission to the Constitutional Court regarding a treaty
or international agreement is made, then ratification is prohibited
before a decision is made by the Constitutional Court.
- A bill is considered
passed if it is supported by the majority of those present if those
present are not less than one third of the total number of Members of
Parliament or by another procedure set forth by the Constitution.
- The draft of an organic
law is considered adopted if supported by the majority of the total
number of Parliament.
- The Parliament adopts a
resolution in the form of a decree, unless some other procedure is
required by the Constitution.
- The right to adopt other
kinds of resolutions is determined by the rules of procedure of the
- The right to initiate
legislation is vested in the President, a Member of Parliament, a
Parliamentary Faction, a committee of Parliament, the supreme
representative bodies of Abkhazia and Adjaria or not less than 30 000
- A bill submitted by the
President may be considered out of term or in an accelerated way.
- A bill adopted by
Parliament is submitted to the President of Georgia within five days.
- The President either signs
and issues the law within ten days or returns it to the Parliament
with further amendments.
- If the President returns
the bill to Parliament, Parliament votes on President's amendments.
For adoption of his amendments the same number of votes is required as
in Article 66 of this Constitution. If the amendments are adopted the
President is obliged to sign and publish the law within seven days.
- If Parliament votes
against the President's amendments, the bill as originally passed by
Parliament and submitted to the President is voted on again. The law
or organic law is considered passed if supported by not less than
three fifths of the total number of deputies or by not less than two
thirds of the total number of deputies in the case of Constitutional
- If the President refuses
to sign the law within the determined period, it is signed and issued
by the Chairman.
- The law enters into force
only on the fifteenth day after its official publication, unless
another date is provided.